Fondacija “Arheološki park: Bosanska piramida Sunca, Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation

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EXCLUSIVE: DATING OF ‘RAVNE 3’ TUNNEL

Written by Dr. Sam Osmanagich

In July 2018, I bought a parcel of land with the surface area of 5,141 m2 in Visoko, adjacent to our Ravne 2 Park, on the western side, identifed in the cadaster as 'Džanova strana'. It is a steep slope, covered in scruffy vegetation, a thicket, and it was filed as 'Forest, Class IV'.

I had reserved this parcel as early as July 2017, because I considered it important, as it borders the park, but also because of a detail I noticed when visiting the site. It was a conglomerate rock that protruded from the earth, which resembled conglomerate concrete found at the entrance to the prehistoric Ravne Underground Labyrinth.

After the purchase was completed, we sent the workers to clear the land and build a dirt road on the parcel’s northern boundary. We built earthen staircase from the park. I was very satisfied after the surveyor marked parcel’s upper boundary precisely. Multiple conglomerate rocks emerged on our parcel. The excavator revealed such rocks in five places.

Additional work of the excavator, following my instructions, showed that, in four spots, we could reach narrow passages from which one could sense streams of cold air. It was clear to me: underneath those rocks, there are entrances to underground tunnels.

I called Richard Hoyle, our field geologist, from England, and told him:

-          ‘Richard, I would like to ask you to determine the altitude of the entrance to the Ravne Underground Labyrinth, entrance to the Healing Tunnels underneath the Air Spa, entrance to the Orgon Chamber at the Bell Tower Hill, and the entrances to these possible tunnels. This is likely the same network of tunnels as the Ravne tunnels. At the time the last Ice Age ended, 12,000 years ago, a powerful tidal wave came from the north, tore off a portion of the plate and wrecked some of the tunnel network. That wrecked section now lies below and constitutes what we call ‘Ravne 2’ Park. Once upon a time, this valley had not been here, and in its place stood a conglomerate plate covering tunnels.’

Richard measured the altitudes and informed me that all these points were on approximately the same elevation +/- 4 meters. This only confirmed my original assumption

In August 2018, under Richard’s supervision, I gave our volunteers an opportunity to start clearing material around and underneath conglomerate rocks. At first glance, this material appeared to have originated as natural sediment, with a common stratigraphy: humus levels of different age (dark and light-colored), as well as a varied age of clay (light, dark, grey). Most geologists and archaeologists would have probably instantly discarded any thought that anything might lay beneath this ancient, compact clay. It takes tens of thousands of years for grey clay to form.

After they toiled for a couple of weeks, at my prodding, in late August the volunteers finally cleared a path, discovered a narrow passage and managed to crawl several meters in. Ahead, they came across a chamber. They kept excavating and, beyond some clay type material, they uncovered a rock laid over some smaller plates. It had clearly been erected there to block the entrance to the tunnels. That was an important moment. We uncovered evidence of anthropogenic action.

At that time, I decided to cease excavation in that location, which we marked as C2 (Entrance no. 2). We left this rock as an archaeological evidence of human action and we switched to C3. Several days later, we penetrated to the segment wide enough to allow us to enter.

Over the course of several expeditions, which involved Richard, Sue, Stefan, Marie-Sophie, Ajdin and others, we established the existence of several tunnel directions, with galleries broader than those in the Ravne tunnels. The two major axes were east-west (through the hill, underneath the urban area of Dubrave), but also north-south, parallel with the Ravne tunnels.

The east-west direction allowed us to uncover 65 meters of traversable passages, with clear evidence that these cavities had been used in various past eras. The ceramic remains most likely come from the Middle Ages (which is also the view of our colleagues from the Visoko Homeland Museum), while the several iron artefacts most probably originated at the age of Ancient Rome, as many as 2,000 years ago.

In the central section of the east-west axis, in several places we encountered stalactites hanging from the ceiling, as well as stalagmites, which precipitated on the floor. I considered them to be an exceptionally important find. I recalled the experience of the stalagmites we discovered long ago, in one of the Ravne entrance tunnels. I had learnt then that stalagmites can be dated. By the way, the age of the stalagmites at the entrance to the Ravne tunnel was around 5,000 years. They were created after the ceiling had collapsed. At the time, I was told that, typically, it takes a very long time for the base preparation.

As we had a number of stalagmites on the floor, I was confident that we would not run out of them. And, secondly, that the dating we were going to obtain would be auspicious.

I instructed Richard to prepare a sample and to contact the Florida dating laboratory. After three days of slow cutting with small saws, he cut, prepared and sent it to Florida, as per the website instructions. The very same day, upon his return from the post office, he received a letter from Italy, from the European representative of the Florida laboratory (Ms.  Claudia Arigoni from Beta Lab Services), in which she informed him that ‘they do not conduct analysis for projects that are not recognized by the international scientific community’ (?). Richard was shocked by this flagrant discrimination. I was not.

This was not the first instance that we had unpleasant experience with radiocarbon dating laboratories. As the forms require the designation of the project (‘Bosnian Pyramids’ Project), the sender (‘Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun’ Foundation) and why it matters (‘minimum age of a tunnel network’), it was clear that the findings of scientific laboratories would confirm the exceptional age of the pyramid complex in Visoko. That is a political issue for them.

In 2007, we experienced a clear example of politicization in science, when we sent the pieces of wood found in the Ravne tunnels to the address of three radiocarbon dating laboratories: Gliwice in Poland, Kiel in Germany and Oxford in the U.K. The retrieved piece of wood we split into six equal segments, sent two to each of these three addressed and documented everything.

The first results we received from Germany. The sample was dated as 32,000 years old. Next we received the analysis from Poland, dated to between 30,000-34,000 years. Evidently, both confirmed that the wood was older than 30,000 years. The English never responded, and when I intervened, they claimed that the sample was not organic, expecting that they were the only ones to have received the sample. Then I sent them all the documents with the findings of other laboratories and I positively established that the sample in question was organic material. The ‘superior’ English were taken aback. Then, they ineptly tried to cover they politicking by claims that their equipment had not been functional, then that their staff ‘accidentally’ burnt both wood samples…

Afterwards, we have never again used this laboratory in U.K, a typical example of elitist, politicized science.

Why did this dating matter? This chunk of wood had been trapped in a conglomerate found over our ceramic blocks in the Ravne tunnels. Therefore, these blocks had been made more than 32,000 years ago. Someone had a high-temperature manufacturing technology tens of thousands of years before conventional experts expected it. And where, at the heart of tiny Bosnia.

The history repeats itself. The Italian lady knew that we operate the greatest archaeological discovery on the Planet, but it is not the elites that control the process, but the independent, non-profit, non-governmental Foundation.

However, there are more than a hundred radiocarbon dating laboratories in the world, and there are no more monopolies. It is just another scientific service, as so many others. Truth cannot be contained, not can knowledge and information be manipulated, as once they had been.

The samples found in the new tunnels, which we designated ‘Ravne 3’, we sent to Kiev, Ukraine. We received the results very promptly. Several of the samples were dated between 2,500-10,500 years and these told us that these cavities were quite old and that they had been in use for a very long time.

In Kiev, our stalagmite sample was prepared following the standard scientific methodology. The stalagmite-s cross-section was divided in three parts. The outer was most recent, created from water dropping from the ceiling. The first, oldest, core layer was created when the base for the creation of the stalagmite (dry matter, dust and various other particles) was developed. A total of 20 grams and 1.5 cm of the thickness of that core were prepared for dating.   

Through an application of the vacuum pyrolysis protocol (thermal destruction), an adequate quantity of carbon was obtained. Mixing it with lithium yielded lithium-carbide, then acetylene and benzene. Then the C14 radiocarbon isotope method could be applied to 1.0192 grams of the hydrocarbon benzene (C6H6) obtained in this fashion. Now we are on the path to determine the age of the stalagmite’s core.

The result of the dating was fantastic: 26,200 +/- 200 years!

So, radiocarbon dating indicated the age over 26,000 years. What is the actual age of this stalagmite?

First, when mechanically removing the stalagmite from the floor of the ‘Ravne 3’ tunnels, Richard did not cut to the very base. Around 1 cm of the stalagmite, essentially the oldest part, remained.

Second, calibrated age is typically 15% greater than radiocarbon age. However, as a fully precise method of dating organic material does not exist, a variance of several per cent or more is always to be expected.

Third, it takes time for the base to be naturally prepared for creation of stalagmites. This can take thousands of years.

In view of these three observations, a logical conclusion is that the actual minimum age of the stalagmite is between 30,000-35,000 years. The ‘Ravne 3’ tunnels are not just cavities, and they exhibit traces of shaping. Consequently, it is a tunnel network of exceptional age.

This takes us back to the time when the pyramid complex in Bosnia was constructed. I wish to remind you that the age of the organic material, fossilized leaves found between concrete blocks on the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun is 29,200 +/- 400 years. American astrophysicist Dr. Paul LaViolette estimated the calibrated age of the pyramid at 33,600 years.

We commenced clearing the ‘Ravne 3’ tunnels, which run along the north-south axis. They are parallel with the Ravne tunnels, although 200 meters apart. There is no doubt in my mind that, after several hundred meters, these tunnels will converge and continue towards the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun.

That is our goal, to arrive underneath this largest and oldest of the world pyramids, despite the attacks of the cultural establishment from Bosnia and the entire world, which we experienced over the past 13 years. The fight for scientific truth is far nobler than bending your back to ‘authority’.

Unlike in the early years, 2005 and 2006, when the power of officialdom and ‘expert’ authorities had been used in the attempt to stop us, nowadays we are in position to have all scientific arguments on our side. And there are more and more of them every day.

Tens of thousands of visitors to the Bosnian pyramids have become aware that history is not what we had been taught. In time, new history textbooks will recognize this.

And from the Spring of 2019, our volunteers from all over the world will again, under the guidance of experts, be given an opportunity to become part of the discovery of the most exciting project in the world.

 
Last modified on Saturday, 01 December 2018 07:35

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