A recent discovery in Portland, Maine, a small coastal city in the most northeast state of the U.S., has yielded some unique artifacts and what is apparently an early Egyptian Eye Of Ra.
Peter T. Lund, a renegade amateur archeologist living in Portland, has found what he claims are ancient stone artifacts along the rocky shoreline of the peninsula.
He states, "Most of the artifacts follow a common pattern of alteration where one end has been cut off, evidently as a palm grip, with several small oval depressions added as fingerholds, often corresponding to thumb and forefinger positions. There are many slight variations."
The most startling observation is the profusion of heat-related morphology on or directly adjacent to these features, indicating that the alterations were produced by deliberate and intentional exposure to a directed source of extremely intense heat, such as laser. Evidence includes cuts of diamond-saw precision and smoothness, obviously melted/re-hardened areas with streaking and rippling, localized red and black discoloration from oxidization of iron particles (due to extreme temperatures), glassy/vitreous patches, and large singular linear heat stress fractures.
Says Peter, "After I found three of them, I knew that they were nothing I had ever encountered or read about. I understood how they were made, which forced me to re-examine my beliefs about history, technology, and civilization. It was a profound revelation."
A local professional geomorphologist was consulted, and upon inspection of several of the stones, sat scratching his head in perplexity. He said, "They appear to have been deliberately made for some purpose by a process involving intense heat." He refused to commit his observations to paper when requested.
Peter began to systematically search the shore for more stones and eventually collected close to a hundred of them. On many, the telltale signs were very faint due to weathering over the years, but at least two dozen or so were specimens of high quality. He comments, "These were mostly iron-rich basalt and fine-grained granite, which naturally resist the effects of time and tide."
But nothing could have prepared him for what came next.
"All this time I had been wondering who made them, when, and why? Then I found the Eye Of Ra stone, the key to the whole collection. After I got it home and inspected it closely, the design jumped out at me. It was very similar to the classic Egyptian Eye Of Ra symbol, but with less detail in the eye area. The two lines that are centered directly under the eye in the well-known Egyptian symbol are present in this version, but reversed, and placed at either end of the eye. With one line representing the falcon's eye marking, and the other, the tear line of a jaguar's eye, they are in their correct anatomical positions in regards to both creatures. I consider that to be of utmost importance in establishing a rough date."
"I believe this to be an early version of the well-known Egyptian Eye Of Ra, before the two lines were moved to their current "modern" position. I think this happened as a natural human process of simplification and abstraction that occurs over time, similar to how pictures became alphabets. However, unlike alphabets, the traditional Eye Of Ra symbol has, up until now, no known precursor. This is the only known example."
Even more mysterious is the method of engraving used. The eye area is melted into black glass and surrounded by red and white heat discoloration, in contrast to the dark stone. All the lines- the eyebrow and the aforementioned two lines beside the eye- are linear heat stress fractures, which, according to Peter, must have been deliberately made, since they do not naturally occur.
"Heat stress fractures usually appear as clusters of small shallow circular pits, formed by thermal expansion of a given surface area of stone. It has nowhere to go, so small discs of stone pop directly out of the surface to relieve the stress. This is not the case here," asserts Peter. "The size and shape of the heat stress fractures indicate the use of a beam or intense flame approximately two millimeters in diameter, trained in a line like a pencil or pen. The heated line pops out of the stone as it expands from the heat."
"There is also a small triangular form resembling a bird or craft in flight- also melted into black glass and surrounded by white heat discoloration.
Apparently the same method used to cut and shape these stones was used to produce these designs. There is no known historical precedent for this technology."
The stones are ship's ballast, composed of rounded basalt and granite with some other igneous materials, typical of European river or beach cobbles. They were offloaded from merchant ships in Portland Harbor roughly between 1750 AD - 1850 AD, warehoused on the Portland waterfront, and later insinuated into public works projects such as cobblestone roadbeds and shoreline fill.
This type of stone, abundant in Europe, was collected from rivers, beaches, and even mined from underground deposits," explains Peter. "They were used to weigh a ship down to it's optimum waterline level, and could be moved around inside the ship to fine-tune it's balance. They were often unloaded at various ports, and then a different ship would load them on and sail away to another port, where the process was repeated. In this manner, ballast stones travelled from port to port, continent to continent, often ending up on the other side of the globe from where they started. For this reason, the original source location of these cobbles is undetermined at this time."
The multitude of unanswered and seemingly unanswerable questions combined with the unusual and controversial nature of the artifacts has made research problematic, to say the least. Peter relates, "I contacted dozens of professionals in the fields of conventional and alternative archeology, anthroplogy, and Egyptology over a period of ten or more years, with very few serious responses. Apparently, no find of artifacts of this type has been ever been recorded."
"I even wrote to Mary Leakey when she was on site in Africa. She sent me back a very nice letter, but she'd never seen anything like them," remembers Peter. "I did have a sample dated by thermoluminescence, but the results were considered inconclusive. I have to accept that there may be no way to obtain an accurate date, but I will keep trying. If anybody is familiar with this type of artifact, or has seen a similar version of the Eye Of Ra, I'd like to know."
1. Eye Of Ra stone, basalt
2. Eye Of Ra close-up
3. Triangular design melted into black glass (bird, aircraft?)
4. Basalt handstone 7 in. (18 cm.) note angled palm platform cuts, thumb/fingerholds on 4,5,6,7
5. Basalt handstone 8 in. (30 cm.)
6. Basalt handstone 8 in. (30 cm.)
7. Basalt handstone 7 in. (18 cm.)
8. Two granite handstones 4-5 in. (10-12 cm.) note heat discoloration
9. Same two, different view, note arc-shaped flare patterns on left
10. Basalt, 10 in. (35 cm.) with large singular linear thermal fracture
11. Granite 8 in. (30 cm.) with large singular linear thermal fracture upper, lower shows vitrified flare pattern with reddish oxidization at borders.
12. 1/2 of laterally bisected basalt cobble, top view of natural outer surface
13. Same 1/2 of laterally bisected basalt cobble, bottom view, with glassy cut surface visible
14. Fingerhold close-up
15. Fingerhold close-up
16. Fingerhold close-up
17.Classic Eye of Ra for comparison
Text copyright 2008 Peter T. Lund
All photos copyright 2008 Peter T. Lund
except for #17 credit to University of Waterloo Computer Graphics Lab, Canada